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Glossary of Textile Terms and Definitions, K - Textile Dictionary

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Letter K 

Kairi: A green mango.

Kairi buti: A floral motif in Indian textile design, based on the form of a green mango with a light curve at the tip.

Kalabatton: Silver-gilt thread, used in embroidery.

Kalgha: A popular motif in Indian textile design, broadly cypress-shaped and curving to one sides at the top; crest.

Kali: Gore wedge-shaped, triangular piece of cloth.

Kalidar Ghagra: Ghaghra (q.v.) Made up of many gored pieces and thus flared in early sanskrit literature.

Kanjari: Blouse like garment, worn a little long in front and generally backless, held together with tie-cords, with no shaped parts like cups. From sanskrit kanchuki.

Kantop: Literally, 'worn around the ears'. This kind of cap covers the ears and the back of the neck to protect these parts from excessive heat and cold.

Kapadu: Cloth used to cover the breasts. In rajasthan and gujarat a simple choli-blouse is sometimes referred to by this name.

Kapok: A unicellular seed hair obtained from the fruit pods of the kapok tree eriodendron anfractuosum (formerly known as ceiba pentranda). Note: The fibre is also called ceba, ceiba, java cotton silk cotton, silk floss etc. Indian kapok comes from bombax malabaricum.

Kapok: A short, lightweight, cotton-like, vegetable fiber found in the seed pods of the bombocaceae tree. Because of its brittle quality, it is generally not spun. However, its buoyancy and moisture resistance makes it ideal for use in cushions, mattresses, and life jackets.

Karchobi Work: Work similar to zardozi (q.v.) In which gold or silver metal threads are sewn on to satin or velvet with metallic threads to yield the effect of true embroidery.

Kasnis: Tie-cords or strings used for tightening.

Katoris: Cups; the word is used to describe breast-cups as in a choli (q.v.) Or angia (q.v.).

Keba: See cocoon stripping.

Kemp: A coarse animal fibre with a wide lattice-type medulla that is shed from the skin at least once a year; it is often shorter than other fibres of the fleece, has a long tapering tip, and, when completely shed, tapers sharply towards the root end.

Kenaf: The fibre obtained from the bast layer of the plant hibiscus cannabinus., Note 1: Kenaf is commonly known as mesta in india. Note 2: Being similar to jute in many of its properties, kenaf is used either as an alternative to, or in admixture with, jute.

Kersey: A fulled, woven fabric, generally of wool or a wool blend, with a fine lustrous nap. Used for overcoats.

Kibisu: See frisons.

Kilotex: A unit of the Tex system.

Kimkhab: Silk fabric brocaded with silver and gold. The metal thread used for brocading is made from a fine strand of flattened metal wound over a core of silk, using yellow silk under gold, and white silk under silver.

Kneeing: An unstable condition arising in melt-spinning wherein the extrudate forms an inflexion on leaving the spinneret instead of drawing down directly from the orifice. The molten filament thus has a knee-like shape just below the orifice.

Knit: To form a fabric by the intermeshing of loops of yarn.

Knit Fabric: Fabrics made from only one set of yarns, all running in the same direction. Some knits have their yarns running along the length of the fabric, while others have their yarns running across the width of the fabric. Knit fabrics are held together by looping the yarns around each other. Knitting creates ridges in the resulting fabric. Wales are the ridges that run lengthwise in the fabric; courses run crosswise.

Knit-de-Knit: A type of yarn texturizing in which a crimped yarn is made by knitting the yarn into a fabric, and then heat-setting the fabric. The yarn is then unraveled from the fabric and used in this permanently crinkled form.

Knitting: The art and science of constructing fabric by interlooping of yarn loops, through the use of needles and a "loop within a loop". The most essential unit in a knit fabric is the loop or stitch. A vertical row of stitches is called a wale; the horizontal or crosswise row of stitches is known as a course. The number of wales per inch, measured across the fabric depends on the count or size of the yarn used, and the number of needles per inch in the machine. The two major classes of knitting are warp and weft.

Knitting (circular): A weft knitting process where the fabric is a tube,.with the threads running continuously around the fabric. Double- knit fabrics are produced on a circular knitting machine equipped with two sets of latch needles situated at right angles to each other.

Knitting (flat or single): A weft knitting process where the fabric is in flat form. The threads run back and forth across the fabric. Shape can be added in the knitting process by increasing or decreasing the loops or stitches. Full-fashioned garments are made on a flat-knitting machine. Also called plain knit, a fabric constructed with one needle bed and one set of needles.

Knitting (raschel): A versatile warp knitting made in plain and jacquard patterns; the fabrics are coarser than other warp knits. Raschel knitting machines have one or two sets of latch needles and up to thirty sets of guides that enable them to create a wide range of fabrics.

Knitting (warp): A type of knitting in which the yarns generally run lengthwise in the fabric. The yarns are prepared as warps on beams. Examples of this type of knitting include tricot, milanese, and raschel knitting.

Knitting (weft): A type of knitting, in which one continuous thread runs crosswise in the fabric making all of the loops in one course. Weft knitting types are circular and flat knitting.

Knitwear: A term applied in the generic sense to all knitted outer garments except stockings and socks.

Kodel: A brand of polyester, trademark of the eastman chemical company.

Kontush, Later Contouche: Generously cut caftan-shaped mantle worn in Poland. The term passed to Germany and the Nordic countries where it referred to women's gowns, robes volantes or gowns la francaise worn in the 18th century.

Kurdi: A jacket or coat meant for outerwear. The garment popular under this name in Persia was known in india as a nadiji (q.v.).

Kurta: Variously described in the dictionaries as "a tunic, waist coat, jacket, shirt", the kurta became popular in the 18th and 19th centuries essentially as a slightly loose-fitting garment for outer wear, often with a round neck, of knee-length or even longer, with side-slits at the hem and generally flared skirt. It acquired great elegance as a garment in centers like lucknow and hyderabad.

Kurti: A shirt-like garment, with most of the features of a kurta (q.v.), But often worn a little shorter. When worn by women, it is defined as 'a short bodice reaching to the hips, with very short, if any, sleeves, open under the throat.'

Kv, kw values: Measures of the filterability of viscose expressed in terms of either volume, kv or weight, kw. 

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