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Sock; a piece of clothing made from soft material that covers your foot and the lower part of your leg.
A sock is an item of clothing worn on the feet and often covering the ankle or some part of the calf. Some type of shoe or boot is typically worn over socks. In ancient times, socks were made from leather or matted animal hair. In the late 16th century, machine knit socks were first produced. Until 1800 both hand knitting and machine knitting were used to produce socks, but after 1800, machine knitting became the predominant method. One of the roles of socks is absorbing perspiration. The foot is among the heaviest producers of sweat in the body, as it can produce over 0.25 US pints (0.12 l) of perspiration per day; socks help to absorb this sweat and draw it to areas where air can evaporate the perspiration. In cold environments, socks made from wool insulate the foot and decrease the risk of frostbite. Socks are worn with sport shoes (typically white-coloured socks) and dress shoes (typically dark-coloured socks). In addition to the numerous practical roles played by socks, they are also a fashion item, and they are available in myriad colours and patterns. 

The modern English word sock is derived from the Old English word socc, meaning light slipper. This comes from the Latin soccus, a term to describe a light, low-heeled shoe worn by Roman comic actors, and deriving from the Ancient Greek word sykchos.

Socks have evolved over the centuries from the earliest models which were made from animal skins gathered up and tied around the ankles. In the 8th century BC, the Ancient Greeks wore socks from matted animal hair for warmth. The Romans also wrapped their feet with leather or woven fabrics. By the 5th century AD, socks called "puttees" were worn by holy people in Europe to symbolise purity. By 1000 AD, socks became a symbol of wealth among the nobility. From the 16th century onwards, an ornamental design on the ankle or side of a sock has been called a clock. The invention of a knitting machine in 1589 meant that socks could be knitted six times faster than by hand. Nonetheless, knitting machines and hand knitters worked side by side until 1800. The next revolution in sock production was the introduction of nylon in 1938. Until then socks were commonly made from silk, cotton and wool. Nylon was the start of blending two or more yarns in the production of socks, a process that still continues

Socks can be created from a wide variety of materials. Some of these materials are cotton, wool, nylon, acrylic, polyester, olefins, (such as polypropylene), orspandex. To get an increased level of softness other materials that might be used during the process can be silk, bamboo, linen, cashmere, or mohair.The color variety of sock choices can be any color that the designers intend to make the sock upon its creation. Sock 'coloring' can come in a wide range of colors. Sometimes art is also put onto socks to increase their appearance. Colored socks may be a key part of the uniforms for sports, allowing players teams to be distinguished when only their legs are clearly visible.

Socks are manufactured in a variety of lengths. Bare or ankle socks extend to the ankle or lower and are often worn casually or for athletic use. Bare socks are designed to create the look of "bare feet" when worn with shoes. Knee-high socks are sometimes associated with formal dress or as being part of a uniform, such as in sports or as part of a school's dress code or youth group uniform. Over-the-knee socks or socks that extend higher (thigh-high socks) are today considered female garments. They were widely worn by children, both boys and girls, during the late-19th and early-20th centuries., although the popularity varied widely from country to country. A toe sock encases each toe individually the same way a finger is encased in a glove, while other socks have one compartment for the big toe and one for the rest, like a mitten; most notably Japanese tabi. Both of these allow one to wear flip-flops with the socks. Leg warmers, which are not typically socks, may be replaced with socks in cold climate.

In the United Kingdom, a sock's size is similar to the person's shoe size; for example, a foot that has a shoe size of 9 would require a sock sized 8-10. In some other parts of the world socks are sized differently than shoes. In the U.S. numerical sock size is the length of the foot in inches, whereas shoe size is not. Sock lengths vary, from ankle-high to thigh level.

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Socks are pieces of clothing which cover your foot and ankle and are worn inside shoes. A garment that covers the foot and part of the leg usually made of cotton, manmade fibres or wool and worn for warmth or for protection from abrasion from a shoe or boot.

socks is a kind of garment for the foot and lower part of the leg, typically knitted from wool, cotton, nylon or mixed fiber.

Socks absorb sweat and moisture, which means bacteria don't grow as well, which means your feet stay healthier and your shoes don't smell as much. Properly fitting socks also provide a layer between your feet and the shoes that prevents the shoes from rubbing directly on your feet, which helps prevent blisters.

The History of Socks: The word sock comes from the Latin word soccus, which was a type of low heeled loose fitting shoe or slipper, used by the Greeks and Roman comedians. It then passed through Old English socc and middle english socke. The Latin word derives from the ancient Greek sykkos, a Phrygian shoe. Some of the Greeks wore sykkos on their feet, then put their sandals on top of them, and like modern day people, they took their sandals off and walked around their houses in their sykkos.

The Romans, wrapping their feet in strips of leather or woven fabric, by the second century A.D. were wearing udones, which were sewn from woven fabric and were pulled over their feet. In Egyptian tombs of the third - sixth centuries A.D. the first knit socks were discovered.

Cotton came into use in the late 17th century, while in the 20th century nylon became popular for stockings because of its strength and elasticity. At the same time, as men's pants grew longer, socks became shorter and shorter. Over the years, the sock has developed into a clothing material with enough variations to cover all tastes. Consumers can easily find the color, pattern and size of their preferences that best fit their feet.

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